Hemorrhoids refer to a condition where the veins in the lower rectum and around the anus are swollen, dilated and inflamed similar to varicose veins in the legs . This can lead to pain, eating, irritation, burning, and sometimes bleeding - these symptoms indicate a flare-up. About 75% of all Americans will have hemorrhoids at some point in their lives. There are two types of hemorrhoids internal and external.
External hemorrhoids can be felt as bulges in the anus, but they usually cause some of the symptoms that are typical of internal hemorrhoids. External hemorrhoids can cause problems, however, when the blood coagulates inside them. This is called thrombosis. Thrombosis of an external hemorrhoid causes an anal mass that is thrombosed hemorrhoid can heal with scarring, and leave a skin mark protruding into the anus.
Treatment varies according to symptoms and diagnosis, and usually does not require surgery. In the United States, it is estimated that 4.4% of adults suffer from hemorrhoids - the majority being 45-65 years old. Activities that exert pressure on venous clumps in the anus and lower rectum also called anal cushions are believed to cause enlarged hemorrhoids. Even the right human posture is often blamed as a contributing factor.
There are steps you can take at home to relieve hemorrhoidal symptoms Table 1. One of the most important steps in the treatment of hemorrhoids is to avoid constipation hard or uncomfortable stools. Hard stools can cause rectal bleeding and / or tearing of the anus, called anal fissure. In addition, pushing and forcing your bowels can aggravate existing haemorrhoids and increase the risk of developing new hemorrhoids.
If you have a hemorrhoidal swellingg and discomfort, try the following Take hot seat baths, especially when the hemorrhoids are uncomfortable. Sit in a bathtub or a pot of lukewarm water, 3 or 4 times a day, for 15-20 minutes each time. Large drugstores and medical supply stores also sell practical plastic bathing devices that fit the toilet. The water will keep the area clean and the heat will reduce inflammation and discomfort.
Most people will have a hemorrhoid at some point in their lives. The symptoms of each person may vary. Some of the most common symptoms include Hemorrhoid symptoms may look like other health problems. Always see your health care provider to be safe. Having blood in your stool can also be a sign of other digestive disorders, such as colorectal cancer. It is important to consult your health professional for a complete examination.
Talk to your health care provider if haemorrhoids are still a problem after 1 to 2 weeks. To prevent the hemorrhoids from coming back, eat a high fiber diet and drink plenty of fluids. This is especially important if you often have haemorrhoids. The blood in the enlarged veins can form clots, and the tissue surrounding the hemorrhoids can die. Hemorrhoids with clots usually require surgical removal.
The exact cause of the hemorrhoids is unclear, but they are associated with increased pressure in the blood vessels in and around the anus. This pressure can inflate and ignite the blood vessels in your spine. It is thought that many cases are caused by over-straining on the toilet as a result of prolonged constipation. This is often caused by a lack of fiber in a person's diet. Chronic long-term diarrhea can also make you more vulnerable to haemorrhoids.
Fixation procedures include the attachment of hemorrhoids with a rubber band elastic ligature or the use of heat, lasers or electrical current to create scar tissue coagulation therapy. Fixing procedures can only be performed on internal hemorrhoids. Surgical removal of hemorrhoids hemorrhoidectomy can be used for large internal hemorrhoids, when several small hemorrhoids are present, or when others are present. treatments did not control the bleeding.
Two quick remedies include Since the area is already inflamed, try to pass your stool without straining, which increases the pressure on the veins in the rectum. Try to sit loosely, avoid bowing if possible, and take deep breaths to calm yourself down. Let your body do the work and take your time. Working to keep loose stool is a key strategy in preventing and reducing the discomfort of hemorrhoids. Some things that can help It is essential to keep your rectal area clean, especially after bowel movements.
The diagnosis is based on examination of the perianal area for swollen blood vessels and digital rectal examination to detect any abnormalities in the area. Anoscope or proctoscope can be used to see the anal tract. In addition, a colonoscopy or sigmoidoscopy can be used to examine the colon and rule out other causes of bleeding. Relieving or preventing constipation is important for eliminating stress and reducing pressure on hemorrhoids.
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